The relationship between the cutting focus of metal laser cutting equipment and the material

by:Caodahai     2021-09-17
There are different methods for determining the focus of a metal laser cutting machine due to different materials, so how to determine different focus positions according to different materials? Let's take a look at the main three aspects below: 1. The cutting focus is on the surface of the workpiece. This method also becomes zero focal length. It is usually used when cutting workpieces such as SPC, SPH, SS41, etc. When using, the focus of the cutting machine is selected close to The surface of the workpiece is different in the smoothness of the upper and lower surfaces of the workpiece in this mode. Generally speaking, the cutting surface close to the focus is relatively smooth, while the lower surface far away from the cutting focus is rough. This mode should be determined according to the process requirements of the upper and lower surfaces in actual applications. 2. The cutting focus is inside the workpiece. This method also becomes a positive focus. When the workpiece you need to cut is stainless steel or aluminum steel plate, the mode that the cutting point is inside the workpiece is often used. But a disadvantage of this method is that due to the focus principle, the cutting width is relatively larger than the cutting point on the surface of the workpiece. At the same time, the cutting airflow required in this mode is large, the temperature is sufficient, and the cutting and piercing time is slightly longer. So when you choose the material of the workpiece is mainly stainless steel or aluminum with high hardness. 3. The cutting focus is on the workpiece. In this way, we also become a negative focal length, because the cutting point is not located on the surface of the cutting material or inside the cutting material, but positioned above the cutting material. This method mainly uses and cuts materials with high thickness. The reason why the focus is positioned above the cutting material in this way is mainly because the thick plate requires a large cutting width, otherwise the oxygen delivered by the nozzle is very likely to be insufficient and cause the cutting temperature to drop. But one disadvantage of this method is that the cutting surface is relatively rough, which is not practical for high-precision cutting.
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